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M. Joycelyn  Elders

M. Joycelyn Elders

The 15th Surgeon General of the United States

Biography

The 15th US Surgeon General, and the first African American woman to hold that post, Dr. M. Joycelyn Elders is the eldest of eight children. Now a Distinguished Professor of Public Health at the University of Arkansas School of Public Health and a Distinguished Professor at the Clinton School of Public Policy, she never saw a physician prior to her first year in college. At the age of fifteen, she received a scholarship from the United Methodist Church to attend Philander-Smith College in Little Rock, AR. Upon graduation at age 18, she entered the U.S. Army as a first lieutenant where she received training as a physical therapist. Read More >

Dr. Elders attended the University of Arkansas Medical School (UAMS) on the G.I. Bill. After graduation in 1960, she was an intern at the University of Minnesota Hospital in Minneapolis and did a pediatric residency and an endocrinology fellowship at the University of Arkansas Medical Center in Little Rock. She ascended the academic ladder to full professorship after her fellowship and board certification in 1976. She also holds a Master of Science degree in biochemistry.

Dr. Elders joined the faculty at UAMS as a professor of pediatrics and received board certification as a pediatric endocrinologist in 1978. Based on her studies of growth in children and the treatment of hormone related illnesses, she has written many articles for medical research publications and continues as Professor Emeritus University of Arkansas Medical School.  She was appointed Director of the Arkansas Department of Health in 1987. While serving as director, she was elected president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officers. 

Nominated as Surgeon General of the US Public Health Service by President Clinton in July of 1993, she was sworn in on September 8. During the Senate hearings on her confirmation, Dr. Elders stated “I want to change the way we think about health by putting prevention first. I want to be the voice and vision of the poor and powerless. I want to change concern about social problems that affect health into commitment. And I would like to make every child born in America a wanted child”.

She is committed, passionate and outspoken about health, healthcare, sexuality and AIDS. Dr. Elders speaks widely about HIV/AIDS and remains hopeful about the advances sciences have made concerning the disease.

Dr. Elders has been active in civic affairs as a member of the Little Rock Chamber of Commerce, Northside YMCA and Youth Homes. She was listed in “100 Outstanding Women in Arkansas”, “Personalities of the South” and “Distinguished Women in America”. She has won awards such as the Arkansas Democrat’s Woman of the Year, the National Governor’s Association Distinguished Service Award, the American Medical Association’s Dr. Nathan Davis Award, and the National Coalition of 100 Black Women’s Candace Award for Health Science.  Read Less ^

Speaker Videos

Healthcare: Sickcare System

Speech Topics

Education: A Key to a Healthy America

Former US Surgeon General Dr. Elders is an outspoken advocate for quality health education programs in America's public schools. She believes that the United States cannot have a healthy population unless it has an educated population, and that of paramount concern is providing a good foundation for healthy living with comprehensive health education. Read More >

Dr. Elders stresses the importance of teaching children from the earliest grades about unhealthy and risky behaviors, and emphasizes the importance of presenting children with a factual curriculum that is accurate and age appropriate. She believes that healthcare access in itself isn't enough without education that teaches children about unhealthy patterns of living such as tobacco use, drug and alcohol abuse, unsafe sex and poor eating habits. With alarming new reports emerging every day about the growing obesity problem among America's children, she urges public schools to act more responsibly in providing nutritious snacks, and to teach children how to make healthy choices. Read Less ^

The Politics of Healthcare

Health Care in the 21st Century

Health Care Issues in the Minority Community

Women's Reproductive Rights

Health Education in Public Schools

Health Education and Sexual Education